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A Guide to Rubber Manufacturing Process There are chemicals involved in rubber processing like sulphur, zinc oxide, TMT, titanium, MBTS, minerals like calcium carbonate, carbon, processing oil called RPO or Rubber Processing Oil. In processing rubber, all these materials are mixed together using rubber processing machinery which include ban-bury mixture, kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extrude machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure, and cooling conditioner. There are two types of rubber, the natural and the synthetic. The rubber tree produces natural rubber. Natural rubber is processed by using the milk type of material leaking from the rubber tree. Petroleum is the main ingredient of synthetic rubber. This is manufactured using content derived from crude oil and with the addition of certain chemicals by means of industrial application. Synthetic rubber comes in many varieties. Some of these are Chloroprene (Neoprene), Silicone, EPDM, Fluoro-elastomer, Nitrile, Hypalon, and Butyl. All of these grades differ in terms of their application and specifications.
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Neoprene is resistant to oil, acid, alkali, hydrocarbons, and they are also heat resistant.
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Silicone is highly resistant to temperature. Silicon can bear up to 250 degrees Celsius. EPDM is resistant to weather, temperature, aging, and radiation. Since EPDM rubber prevents water or liquid to pass through, then it is widely used in waterproof roofing, and canal and ponds living. Nitrile or NBR sheets are permeable to gases and so it is used as gaskets for packing purposes. Viton or fluoroelastomer is resistant to a wide range of oils and solvents. It has good abrasion and is resistant to tearing. It is also able to bear high temperatures. Over the past few years, the demand for rubber has been increasing. This is because of the revolution in the automobile sector. Tires are indispensable to automobiles. Tires are responsible for the increasing prices of natural and synthetic rubber. Eighty percent of the entire rubber production in the world is consumed by the tire industry. We can find other major rubber products in the market. In applications like gaskets, packing, electrical insulation and matting purposes, industrial rubber sheets are used. The blend of natural and synthetic rubber are now used for manufacturing rubber sheets which come in different colors like green, red, blue, and black. However, the black color is preferred for industrial purposes. Depending on the bases of application, there are different raw materials used in rubber sheet manufacturing. for heat resistant purposes, silicone is used, and for acid and heat, they use neoprene, and other materials for other particular applications. Hoses, mats, tires, condoms, medical equipment, oil seals, gaskets, yoga mats, conveyor belts, footwear, printing rollers, electrical insulation mats, etc,. are the other products using rubber aside from industrial rubber sheets.