Guide to LED lighting
LED lighting or light emitting diodes is by far the most energy-saving and a smart solution when you compare it with those other methods of illumination available in the market today.
It started out by utilizing these diodes via a DC circuit to emit light to extend the battery life that is used for flashlights and other light emitting gadgets like cellphones and etc. Then it found its way to headlights of vehicles by using a specially designed reflector to intensify the brightness and length of coverage while maintain its efficiency. There are many advantages to using LED lighting which can now be run from an AC supply. So before they were only considered to be DC devices operating from a few volts of direct current but now has a more robust application that requires the same amount of voltage such as the linear strip lighting systems around the outside of a building that stretches for a hundred meters. Since DC drives suffer power loss over distance it then brings a different consideration. And in order to maintain the voltage there is now a need to use a higher drive voltage when the voltages start to drop and so additional regulators are needed. This is not necessary if you have AC or alternative current since it main maintain voltage despite distance. DC power has always had this problems and the reason why they are not being used to transmit power across our streets and cities.
Running LED lighting from an AC supply means producing DC power to operate yo LED lights. And several options came to do that. In order to provide the required DC voltage, there are many stand alone fixtures that have a transformer between the wall socket and the fixture. Today, there are companies that provide LED light bulbs that screw directly into standard sockets, but they contain miniature circuits that convert AC to DC before it is delivered to the LEDs. These types of LED lighting are very expensive upfront. Many would argue though that eventually it pays off because your power bill would decrease remarkably.
The Christmas tree light approach was an early for of this type of lighting. Here multiple LEDs are connected in series so that the voltage drop across the whole string equals the supply voltage.
There are now attempts at developing true AC LEDs but this will be a big leap in technology that can be seen as an upgrade from analog to digital. And the advantages versus conventional lighting are so huge and of major benefit to both the user of this technology as well as our planet.